On Saturday, March 24, 2001, John Grabeel, PG and Barry Thacker, PE taught the Geology Merit Badge class for Boy Scout Troop 120 from Lake City, Tennessee. Where applicable the instruction centered around the geology of the Coal Creek watershed. After completing the class work, we went on a hike to the abandoned deep mine where convict laborers worked during the Coal Creek War. We also hiked to Militia Hill where Fort Anderson was built during the Coal Creek War.
Cross-section showing the hydrologic cycle in the Coal Creek watershed. Water infiltrates into the ground during precipitation events. This water flows downward until it seeps into the abandoned mine works. Water flows through the mine and discharges at the mine entry at the surface.
Grave sites of convict miners who died in the abandoned Knoxville Iron Company mine during the time of the Coal Creek War in the 1890s. The fieldstones marking the graves are sandstone, the rock type that is most resistant to weathering in the watershed.
Location where the militia fired cans filled with mud into the town of Coal Creek (now Lake City) during the Coal Creek War. Geology was instrumental in the militia selecting this location for Fort Anderson. Coal Creek has eroded an outlet through Walden Ridge in the background that can be viewed from the site of Fort Anderson.
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